In a condominium complex, certain areas and components are shared by all residents and fall under the responsibility of the condo corporation. These collectively owned spaces and assets are known as common elements. Understanding common elements is essential for condo owners and residents, as they play a significant role in the overall living experience and management of the property. Here’s a closer look at the common elements of a condominium corporation:
Common areas encompass spaces that are accessible to all residents and are not owned or controlled by individual unit owners. This typically includes hallways, lobbies, stairwells, elevators, parking lots, and outdoor pathways.
The exterior of the condominium building, including the roof, façade, windows, and doors, is considered a common element. Maintenance, repair, and replacement of these components are typically managed by the condominium corporation.
Structural elements that support the building, such as load-bearing walls, foundations, and structural beams, fall under the common elements category. Ensuring the structural integrity of the building is a vital responsibility of the condominium corporation.
Mechanical systems that serve the entire building, such as heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, plumbing, and electrical systems, are common elements. Proper maintenance and repair of these systems contribute to residents’ comfort and safety.
Landscaping and outdoor spaces:
Landscaped areas, gardens, green spaces, and amenities such as swimming pools, fitness centers, and playgrounds are common elements. These shared outdoor spaces enhance the quality of life for residents and require ongoing maintenance.
Utilities that are shared among all residents, such as water supply, sewage systems, and waste disposal facilities, are considered common elements. These utilities are essential for the functionality of the entire condominium complex.
Common elements are integral components of a condominium corporation that contribute to the collective living experience of residents. Maintaining, managing, and ensuring the proper functionality of these elements are responsibilities shared among all unit owners through the condominium corporation. Understanding the scope and significance of common elements helps residents and owners appreciate their role in the community and contribute to its successful management and upkeep.